Secondary English language arts at the sophomore level focuses on exploring, understanding, and appreciating contemporary issues through multicultural and multiethnic perspectives. The language arts experience at the tenth grade should reach beyond students' personal views and opinions into their community and region. Districts may choose Journalistic English and Literature I or II in place of the following tenth grade course of study. 

Goal 1: The student will integrate the critical components of language arts for a variety of purposes and audiences in a diversity of forms.


The students will

A. explore contemporary issues through the language arts by

1. examining diverse roles in family, neighborhood, community and region.
2. identifying contemporary multicultural, multiethnic interests and values.
3. comparing diverse viewpoints.
4. identifying sources of bias, prejudice, and cultural discrimination.

B. express thoughts and ideas on contemporary issues through the language arts by

1. presenting diverse opinions.
2. discussing the individual's and community's attitudes about local and global issues.
3. making appropriate language choices in various settings and contexts.

C. develop language arts skills relating to contemporary issues through

1. reading and writing journalistic reports and editorials.
2. viewing and producing photo essays and video explorations.
3. reading and writing poetry, short stories, and essays.
4. reading and writing letters and response logs.
5. reading and producing documented research.
6. attending and participating in community debates, forums, and speeches.
7. viewing and producing multimedia presentations.

Goal 2: The student will develop an increasing awareness of the origins and use of the conventions in written and spoken language.

The students will

A. analyze and experiment with language by

1. recognizing and using appropriately standard and non-standard English.
2. recognizing and using idioms and dialects.
3. expanding vocabulary.
4. distinguishing between the denotation and the connotation of words.

B. apply the conventions of standard English by

1. editing for correct punctuation, usage, and spelling in final drafts and formal presentations.
2. using appropriate pronunciation and intonation.
3. revising to clarity meaning.
4. using language which is appropriate for the audience and purpose.

C. explore the origins and evolution of language by studying

1. how words are coined, invented, and borrowed.
2. changing conventions and the influences effecting those changes.

Goal 3: The student will have experience with and exposure to literature in a variety of forms and styles.

The students will

A. develop strategies to locate, select, and evaluate contemporary issues by

1. analyzing newspapers and other periodicals.
2. conducting interviews.
3. conducting library research.
4. identifying media resources.
5. using computer indexes.
6. consulting reviews and abstracts.
7. identifying community resources.
8. evaluating credibility of sources.
9. comparing contemporary literature with literature from the past.

B. express opinions on contemporary literature through

1. class discussion.
2. visual presentations.
3. response logs.
4. formal or mixed media presentations.

C. demonstrate an awareness of various forms and styles of contemporary literature through

1. reading and writing newspapers, magazines and other periodicals.
2. reading and writing editorials and reviews.
3. reading and writing contemporary literature.
4. reading and writing contemporary community and regional literature.
5. viewing and producing visual media.
6. reading, writing, viewing, and producing drama.

D. compare contemporary issues with issues posed in diverse time periods and cultures through studying

1. myths.
2. legends.
3. fairy tales.
4. folk tales.
5. parables.
6. classical literature.

Goal 4. The student will write in a variety of forms for a variety of purposes and audiences.

The students will

A. write about contemporary issues using the following forms:

1. editorials and reviews.
2. essays.
3. speech writing.
4. position papers.
5. anecdotal writing.
6. newspaper articles.
7. poetry.
8. advertisements.
9. cartoons.
10. speculative fiction or science fiction.

B. write about contemporary issues for a variety of purposes by

1. informing.
2. persuading.
3. explaining.
4. entertaining.
5. describing.
6. directing.
7. evaluating.
8. reflecting.
9. recording.
10. accepting/rejecting.

C. write for a variety of audiences including

1. school.
2. community (businesses, the elderly, those hospitalized or imprisoned, shut-ins, persons working in the home, etc.).
3. region (newspaper, magazines, flyers, brochures, etc.).
4. elementary and junior high students.

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